Diamonds can be a confusing stone, but don't let your questions regarding diamonds intimidate you. Below you will find information on the four C's to educate you on the most important elements of a diamond's quality.
Diamonds are known for their ability to reflect light and intense sparkle. You may think of a diamond’s cut being its shape, but in actuality, a diamond’s cut grade has to do with how well the diamond’s facets interact with light. The cut refers to the symmetry, proportion, and polish of a diamond.
Natural diamonds are formed when carbon is exposed to very high heat and pressure found deep in the Earth, resulting in a variety of internal characteristics (inclusions) and external characteristics (blemishes). Determining a diamond’s clarity level involves knowing the number, size, nature, and position of these characteristics, and how they affect the appearance of the stone.
The most highly sought diamonds are virtually colorless. While many diamonds can appear colorless to the untrained eye, you may be surprised to learn that most diamonds contain light traces of yellow, brown, or gray. The diamond color spectrum ranges from light yellow (Z) to completely colorless (D). The more colorless a stone is, the higher the value.
Carat is the measurement of a diamond’s size and weight. Each carat is divisible into 100 points, which allows for very precise measurements. Diamond price increases with larger carat weights, as larger diamonds are rarer and more desirable. Keep in mind, a diamond’s value is determined using all of the 4 C’s and not just the carat weight.
The cutting of a diamond requires extreme patience and careful precision. Perfectly cut diamonds reflect light entering from the top, above the diamond, as well as refract light equally throughout the diamond. The quality of a diamond’s cut and proportions will have an important effect on its price.